By Ralph McInerny (auth.)
The current quantity brings jointly a few issues i've got written as regards to analogy because the visual appeal of The good judgment of Analogy in 1961. In that publication i attempted to disengage St Thomas' instructing on analogous names from numerous next accretions which, for my part, had obscured its import. The publication used to be generally reviewed, numerous issues in it have been rightly criticized, yet its major argument, specifically, that analogical signification is a logical topic and needs to be handled as such, used to be, if usually faced, left eventually, i feel, status. The reports introduced jointly now replicate an analogous focus at the educating of Aquinas. it's not that i am of the opinion that every thing vital at the query of analogy, and definitely no longer every little thing of significance on these difficulties which elicit the doctrine of analogy, used to be acknowledged by means of Thomas Aquinas. however it was once my selection, for my own paintings, first to accomplish as a lot readability as i'll with admire to the educating of Thomas, after which to move directly to different writers, either historic and glossy. i'm at the moment engaged in understanding the kin between equivo cation, analogy and metaphor in Aristotle. while that learn is com pleted, I shall flip eagerly to a few particularly fresh contributions to the character of spiritual language. in brief, the current paintings, that is usually a prolongation of my test at an exegesis of Thomistic texts, marks the top of 1 part of my learn into the matter of analogy.
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4, a. 2. "2 In each of these examples, the ratio propria of the word is found only in one of the things it is taken to name and is said of that per prius, first of alP It is said of the others because of some relation to what saves the ratio propria and to these secondary meanings we can apply the phrase: semper prius salvatur in posteriori. 4 It is not the case that what saves the name most properly, with the most propriety, is the most perfect of the things named by the same word. 5 This is clear enough when the name of an effect or sign is transferred to its cause or what it indicates.
4 St. D. , q. 4, a. 1, ad 8; cf. , d. 27, q. 2, a. 1, obj. 1. • "Dicendum quod nomina imponuntur secundum quod cognitionem de rebus accipimus. D. , q. 4. a. 1. Notice the use of translata which indicates that the word is not restricted to describe metaphorical uses of terms. , d. 27, q. 2, a. 1, ad 1. , la, q. 34, a. 1. 1 34 THE ratio communis OF THE ANALOGOUS NAME a scale of greater and lesser propriety; metaphor here is characterized by the adverb improprie. Another point of interest in this text is the way the first imposition of the word is described: it is manifestius and communis.
2 Let us go back now to the notion of the loss involved in passion. Obviously the patient, in the medical sense, loses something if the ministrations of the doctor are successful, namely his illness, and this can only be called good riddance. We wouldn't commiserate with one who had lost a cold. , lect. 2, n. " • "Omnis motus est inter contraria; oportet illud quod recipitur in patiente, esse contrarium alicui quod a patiente abiicitur. Secundum hoc autem, quod recipitur in patiente, patiens agenti assimilatur; et inde est quod proprie accepta passione, agens contrariatur patienti; et omnis passio abiicit a substantia.
Studies in Analogy by Ralph McInerny (auth.)