By W.H. Ransom
Lately development disasters and the ensuing court cases and awards for damages have often been within the information. the most important headlines could have been reserved for structural mess ups and whole collapses. yet we should always no longer fail to remember the fewer newsworthy mess ups resembling leaky roofs, damp partitions, dropped foundations and rotted trees. This ebook provides functional suggestions at the prevention of failure via describing the character and reason for the commonest defects in structures, after which indicates how they need to be shunned in layout and development.
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Extra resources for Building Failures: Diagnosis and Avoidance
Waters with a high carbon-dioxide content dissolve copper but the rate of loss is small and the effects on the copper are slight. Some years ago, copper tubing used for water supply suffered serious pitting corrosion. Carbon derived from the lubricant used in tube manufacture formed a film which was nearly continuous and was cathodic to the copper surface. Pitting corrosion occurred at slight breaks in the film and caused rapid perforation of the tube. Nowadays, mechanical cleaning of tubes has largely eliminated this as a problem and tube conforming to BS 2871  should be satisfactory.
Interactions between the soil, the foundations and the building are complex and SOIL MOVEMENT 55 highly dependent upon the forces involved when soils shrink or expand due to loss or gain of moisture. 3 SOIL MOVEMENT When the water present between soil particles is removed, the latter will tend to move closer together: conversely, when water is absorbed, they will tend to move apart. Large movement can occur with clays, for these are capable of absorbing and relinquishing large quantities of moisture: drying leads to shrinkage and a gain in strength, and absorption to swelling and a loss in strength.
It is probable, though, that little heed will be given to advice which results in higher fuel bills. Nevertheless, heating by oil and gas appliances which are not connected to flues should be actively discouraged. Mechanical extraction should be used to remove moisture from high emission areas, such as kitchens, bathrooms and drying cupboards. Electric dehumidifiers may have a role but they are not very effective in buildings where the main problem is low temperature rather than high vapour pressure.
Building Failures: Diagnosis and Avoidance by W.H. Ransom