By M. Sala
During this publication we search to process the architecture-energy blend and its courting to human convenience and the surroundings .There are chapters on thermal convenience, low strength structure facing a number of criterion for convenience in several elements of the realm. The publication additionally seeks to appreciate how past generations lived in harsh climates and with no plentiful assets of strength, but controlled to layout and construct acceptable dwellings supplying either convenience and concord with the surroundings. different chapters care for the bioclimatic notion in Vernacular structure the main function which weather performs at diverse destinations and the way this may dictate the form and kind of the structures and shop strength the significance of micro-climate and its a variety of parts and utilization air flow and its value in structures and the know-how for contemporary structure.
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Fig. 14. The traditional coffee house of Qatar. A. H. Marafia/Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2 (1998) 25-37 31 Table 1 Comparison of thermal and physical properties of commonly used materials Material Thermal Conductivity (W/m°C) Specific heat (kJ/kg =C) Density (kg/m3) Thermal storage (kJ/ml°C) Adobe Stone Reinforced concrete Hollow clay block Hollow cement block Sohd cement block Thermal insulation mat. 02 Buildings with high mass structure utiHze their thermal storage capabilities to achieve cooHng in different ways : (i) Damping out interior daily temperature swings (ii) Delaying daily temperature extremes (iii) Ventilating 'flushing' the building at night.
On the other hand, in winter, heating requirements are reduced due to the heat stored in the walls and which is radiated during the night. In hot climates with large temperature swing (arid regions) daytime temperature is often so high that ventilative cooHng is ineffective. On the other hand, the night air becomes low in contact with the thermal mass. Furthermore, night flushing is most eff'ective in buildings occupied during the day, allowing the mass to be more eff'ectively cooled. Fathy, , conducted tests on experimental buildings located at Cairo Building Research Centre, using diff'erent materials.
The first action of the thermoregulatory system is on skin thermal resistance, that is increased by means of the vasoconstriction mechanism; the blood vessels under the surface of the skin constrict. e. if still -S < 0, our thermoregulatory system starts to act on energy production, by increasing it. First increasing the muscular tension, then, if still not enough, shivering occurs. On the other hand, when 5 > 0, heat losses are not balancing heat production. The first action of the thermoregulatory system is to induce the vasodilatation; blood vessels expand, skin temperature increases and, with it, the heat loss rate.
Architecture - Comfort and Energy by M. Sala