New PDF release: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language

By Michael Morris

ISBN-10: 0521842158

ISBN-13: 9780521842150

During this textbook, Michael Morris bargains a serious advent to the vital problems with the philosophy of language. each one bankruptcy focusses on one or texts that have had a seminal impression on paintings within the topic, and makes use of those as a fashion of drawing close either the crucial themes and some of the traditions of facing them. Texts contain vintage writings by way of Frege, Russell, Kripke, Quine, Davidson, Austin, Grice and Wittgenstein. Theoretical jargon is saved to a minimal and is totally defined each time it truly is brought. the diversity of themes coated contains feel and reference, certain descriptions, right names, natural-kind phrases, de re and de dicto necessity, propositional attitudes, truth-theoretical ways to which means, radical interpretation, indeterminacy of translation, speech acts, intentional theories of which means, and scepticism approximately which means. The publication should be precious to scholars and to all readers who're drawn to the character of linguistic which means.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language

Sample text

During this period, he used almost interchangeably two German words which have to do with meaning. One is ‘Bedeutung’ (a noun from the verb ‘bedeuten’): this might naturally be translated by ‘significance’ or ‘signification’, as well as ‘meaning’. The other is ‘Sinn’, which is naturally translated by ‘sense’. By the 1890s, however, he had come to see that he needed to distinguish two aspects of meaning, and he used these two words to mark them. The basis of Frege’s mature account of language is his theory of Bedeutung.

The term has to be understood as first introducing a condition of some kind, and only then picking out an object, in virtue of the object’s meeting that condition. This view fits easily with Frege’s suggestion that a linguistic expression can have Sense without reference, which looks like a kind of counterpart to the Lockean view that you can perceive the same Idea, whether or not you are hallucinating. The Sense of an expression contains the mode of presentation – that is, it contains the condition which an object has to meet to count as the referent of the expression.

Consider for example – it’s Frege’s example16 – the Concept horse, the referent of the predicate ‘x is a horse’. Frege is adamant that the Concept horse is not an object: it’s the referent of a predicate, not of a singular term. Unfortunately, he seems bound to treat the phrase ‘the Concept horse’ as a singular term, in which case it is bound to refer to an object. And this, in turn, threatens the distinction between Concepts and objects. Consider, for example, the following sentence: (*) The Concept horse is not an object.

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An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language by Michael Morris


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