By Harold D. Holder
An individual's selection to take advantage of alcohol and the frequency, volume, and occasions of use are the results of a mix of organic and social elements. consuming isn't just a private selection, but in addition an issue of customized and social habit, and is motivated via entry and fiscal elements together with degrees of disposable source of revenue and value of alcoholic drinks. till prevention efforts stop to concentration narrowly at the person and start to undertake broader neighborhood views on alcohol difficulties and techniques to minimize them, those efforts will fail. the writer demanding situations the present implicit types utilized in alcohol challenge prevention and demonstrates an ecological standpoint of the group as a posh adaptive method composed of interacting subsystems. this crucial quantity represents a brand new and brilliant method of the prevention of alcohol dependence and alcohol-related difficulties.
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Additional info for Alcohol and the Community: A Systems Approach to Prevention
Average disposable income). Formal Regulation and Control Subsystem: rules, administration, and enforcement In most cultures, alcohol is regulated in one fashion or another. This subsystem reflects government rules and controls to regulate retail sales of alcohol. For example, restrictions might be placed on the number of new licenses of a given type, or on the days and hours of permitted retail sales, as a means of curbing availability of alcoho}. Local communities also may regulate the densities of alcohol sales establishments through zoning (Wittman & Hilton 1987).
Multiple-loop refers to the interaction of a large number of feedback loops within the system. Feedback refers to theflowof information (or other resources) from one level of the system to another and the effects of that flow on factors or decisions that control another level (element) of the system. Positive feedback loops are growth-producing processes, by which growth generates further action that results in further growth. For example, population growth, and housing and highway construction can form a positive feedback loop, whereby population growth stimulates construction, which in turn stimulates additional population growth.
Alcohol problems, we must consider the interactions among these subsystems. Below, each subsystem is introduced, along with a brief description of how the subsystems interact. The following chapters of this book discuss each subsystem in turn. 3 illustrates the complete community system, including typical interaction among the six subsystems. Consumption Subsystem: alcohol use as apart of routine community life This is the key subsystem of the community system. Patterns or distributions of alcohol consumption shift over time, and the differential effects of age and gender on consumption must be taken into account.
Alcohol and the Community: A Systems Approach to Prevention by Harold D. Holder