Read e-book online Aggression in humans and other primates : biology, PDF

By Henning Kort M., J. Rgen Heinze, Hans-Henning Kort M.

ISBN-10: 1299722059

ISBN-13: 9781299722057

ISBN-10: 3110291363

ISBN-13: 9783110291360

"In this paintings aggression and clash in guy and different primates are interpreted within the mild of evolutionary biology and online game conception versions. Unitlnow interdisciplinary collaboration among the arts and the average sciences has been infrequent and hampered by way of various methodologies and terminology. however, such cooperation is vital for elucidating the factors and outcomes of aggression in people and in  Read more...

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Extra resources for Aggression in humans and other primates : biology, psychology, sociology

Example text

It is due to these biases and limitations that our biology cannot completely be overridden by cultural imperatives. If this were the case it would perhaps suffice to teach all children to be well-behaved and so they would. No legal institution for punishment would then be needed to keep violence and other forms of crime in check. Last but not least, the emotions with their undeniable evolutionary history make it particularly interesting to look at human aggression through the eyes of a biologist.

Let us first look at a ridiculously simple and yet intriguing example of a game-theoretic model. A game called chicken used to be fashionable among American teenagers in the 1950s. Two car drivers play this game and approach each other on a collision course. The first one who turns the steering wheel and swerves from the course loses the game. The other driver then receives a reward. If neither of them “chickens out”, a crash occurs. Even though the drivers are allowed to split the reward in this case, this will not compensate for the cost of repairing their vehicles.

Schelling (1960) and other game theorists understood rather quickly that there was a fatal flaw in the deterrence argument. In a nutshell, it turned out that logic of this deterrence would only work if the Kremlin had reasons to believe that the American president would behave in an irrational way. In order to understand why the president’s launching of a nuclear attack would have been irrational, let us assume in a thought experiment that the Warsaw Pact forces have begun to enter the western part of Germany.

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Aggression in humans and other primates : biology, psychology, sociology by Henning Kort M., J. Rgen Heinze, Hans-Henning Kort M.

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