By Marco Ottella, Pietro Perlo, Ovidiu Vermesan, Reiner John, Kees Gehrels, Harald Gall (auth.), Gereon Meyer, Jürgen Valldorf (eds.)
The car of the long run has to fulfill basic specifications: the super-efficient use of power and gear and the ultra-safe transportation of individuals and items either good points are more and more enabled through clever, adaptive and context acutely aware details and conversation applied sciences (ICT), electric or digital elements and structures instead of exclusively via the mechanical technique of vintage car engineering. the main complicated instance of this development is the electrified automobile combining a whole electrical powertrain with thoroughly digital controls like shrewdpermanent energy and effort managers, steer-by-wire applied sciences and clever networking services. it's been the challenge of the foreign discussion board on complicated Microsystems for car purposes (AMAA) for greater than twelve years now to become aware of paradigm shifts and to debate their technological implications at an early level. consequently, the subject of the AMAA 2010 is “Smart platforms for eco-friendly automobiles and secure Mobility”. This booklet includes peer-reviewed convention papers awarded on the convention through specialists of significant businesses and top educational associations. They document on ongoing examine and novel advancements within the box of ICT, elements and structures allowing the auto and street shipping of the long run. a specific concentration is on simple applied sciences and complex functions of electrified and electrical autos, highway and passenger security, motive force information, site visitors administration and powertrain potency. because of this large insurance of subject matters concerning sustainability of the auto either the AMAA occasion and this booklet serve the spreading of data generated within the framework of the ecu eco-friendly autos Initiative. additional info is out there on www.amaa.de.
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Extra resources for Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2010: Smart Systems for Green Cars and Safe Mobility
Providing enhanced starting capabilities even at low SoC, especially in case of a start-stop application, and an efficient predictive energy management A high energy efficiency through the reduction of losses and improved component design as well as through the implementation of a highperformance recuperation capability Furthermore, there are the general automotive technical and economical targets and boundary conditions, which determine the parameters of the applied components such as the type of starter (conventional/start/stop), alternator, battery and voltage control, the use and performance of an additional storage device, DC/DC converters and related switching devices and the power loads and their voltage range.
Finally, for the RLFOC the transition between the two control modalities has been studied in detail in order to individuate possible discontinuities. Fig. 3 shows the stator phase current during transition reporting a smoothed passage that is also visible in the torque vs. speed curve represented in Fig. 4c. Table 2 summarizes the comparison results referred to the motor maximum torque capability in the whole operating speed range. u. u. (the field weakening region). Inverter Losses Reduction Control Techniques for Plug-In HEV and FEV Traction Drive 5 Conclusions A control method for reducing inverter losses (RLFOC) in PHEV and FEV and for extending the constant torque region has been analyzed and validated by means of numerical simulations.
The fourth index CO2 = c fuel ρC MmCO2 MmC φ + ΔSOC⋅ E batt QCO2 −spec (3) considers the CO2 emission produced during fuel combustion through the molar mass of carbon dioxide and carbon taking into the incomplete combustion of fuel through ϕ. Also the calculus of the CO2 emissions produced into the power station to replace the energy used from the battery is included. At last, the driving cost €km has been considered as sum of gasoline and electrical energy fee. € km = c fuel € fuel + ΔSOC⋅ E batt € ElEnergy ηch (4) 45 46 Electrified Vehicles Performance indexes ECE ECE Cycle Real Cycle Cycle ConventioConventioPrototypal nal vehicle nal vehicle vehicle Real Cycle Unit Prototypal vehicle Fuel consumtpion cfuel 7,07 2,32 8,56 2,67 l/100km Equivalent Fuel consumption Ceq-ICE 7,07 7,33 8,56 8,43 l/100km Equivalent Fuel consumption Ceq-PS 2,08 1,18 2,52 1,57 MJ/100km CO2 emission 164 95 199 128 g/km Driving costs 8,5 4,9 10,27 5,66 €/100km Tab.
Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2010: Smart Systems for Green Cars and Safe Mobility by Marco Ottella, Pietro Perlo, Ovidiu Vermesan, Reiner John, Kees Gehrels, Harald Gall (auth.), Gereon Meyer, Jürgen Valldorf (eds.)